The climate in Mgahinga Gorilla National Park is mild to cold and wet. The high altitude (2,227-4,127m or 7,306-13,540ft) makes this one of the coldest destinations in the country. It is on average 20°C/68°F during the day, becoming cold in the evening (9°C/48°F). The climate is quite varied because of the park’s wide range of altitudes. Temperatures drop by about 6.5°C for every 1,000m you climb (or 3.5°F per 1,000ft). The lower altitude range is the area most visited by tourists.

The region of Mgahinga experiences no real dry season, so rain is always possible! However there tends to be less rainfall in December to January, while June and July receive the least amount of rain. There are two recognizable Wet seasons: from February to May and from September to November. It is advised to pack decent hiking shoes and waterproof clothing.

The highest altitudes are home to the giant senecio and lobelia. At these altitudes of over 3,000m (9,800ft) there is less rainfall as the area is above regular cloud level. It is thought that giantism in the plant species found here is a result of this, allowing plants to store more water and ensuring that they have more efficient temperature control.

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